For Nyc Shoplifters!}

For NYC Shoplifters!


Shoplifting is probably the most commonly charged criminal offense heard in New York City criminal courts. All major department stores are now armed with their own “anti-theft” mini-armies equipped with surveillance cameras and even staffed by special store detectives roaming the shopping floors. In my estimate, at least a few hundred people are arrested daily in New York City for shoplifting.

Most people dismiss shoplifting as a trivial offense. Well, this is not always the case and it can create extremely serious problems in future for many who don’t take shoplifting charges seriously.

Most shoplifting offenses in New York are prosecuted under Larceny other Theft-related statutes. The particular charge depends on the value of merchandise stolen.

When the total value is below $1,000 (as is the case mostly), you will be charged with Petit Larceny and criminal possession of stolen property in the fifth degree, both class A misdemeanors. If the total exceeds $1,000, the charge will be Grand Larceny in the fourth or third degree and criminal possession of stolen property in the fourth or third degree, all class E or D felonies depending on the value of stolen goods.

If you shoplift in New York’s large department stores, you are likely to be detained, arrested, and booked. The police will probably give you the DAT (desk appearance ticket),although they are known to sometimes process shoplifters at Central Booking. If that happens to you, you will see the judge in about 24 hours released until the next court date.

If you are convicted of a misdemeanor shoplifting offence, you will have a criminal record because misdemeanor is a crime in New York. You will also pay fines and be ordered to do community service. Although some jail time is possible, it is not probable in this case.

In most NYC counties, the prosecutor is likely to offer you a deal of pleading guilty to a violation (not a crime in New York). If you plead guilty, you will pay a fine and do a few days of community service. After a year your case will be dismissed assuming you stay out of trouble. You will not have a criminal record and your arrest record will be sealed when the case is dismissed. The downside of pleading guilty to a violation is that you plead guilty to an offense and you must to disclose that when asked in some situations such as certain employment applications or for immigration purposes. Also, your arrest record “sealing” is not really as comprehensive as if it was had the case been resolved through an ACD.

“ACD” stands for “Adjournment Contemplating Dismissal” which means that your case is temporarily adjourned for some time, typically 6 months to one year. Good sides: in 6 month to a year the case is dismissed and the arrest record is sealed. You never plead guilty to anything. You may still do community service. When you answer to a question of whether you ever were convicted of or pleaded guilty to any offense, you may say “no”.

ACD is the better way to resolve the shoplifting case because it does not involve pleading guilty to an offense. Some employers are meticulous about criminal background checks of their existing and new employees and often require an answer to the question of “ever being convicted of an offence other than minor traffic infraction”. There are also immigration consequences that need to be considered before taking the guilty plea.

On the day of your court appearance, if the prosecutor offers the deal and you accept it, you may never be in court again. If you want a better deal, your attorney will have to work harder to accomplish that and it could take a few more trips to courts. If you qualify, you may get a Legal Aid or assigned lawyer. While these attorneys are very good and dedicated, all of them carry tremendous case loads and are simply unable to give you and your case all the time you want. In most case, assigned lawyers get the file with your case just before they meet you for the first time in court.

Remember the old saying – you get what you pay for. A good private attorney will take time to talk to you, explain all options, and spend as much time as required to obtain the most favorable result. If, on the other hand, you financially qualify and this shoplifting charge doesn’t really bother you, then a Legal Aid lawyer is an adequate option for you.

Joseph Potashnik is a criminal defense attorney who defends individuals facing criminal charges in New York City and New Jersey. You can visit his websites at

for NY and

for NJ.

This article may be considered attorney advertisement.

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For NYC Shoplifters!


The Benefits Of Visceral Manipulation

Submitted by: Layne Emerson

Like machines, gadgets and other things of this world, our body will also deteriorate in time due to the daily battering of stress and fatigue. Our body will become more prone to sickness and disease, musculoskeletal dysfunctions and other physical problems in the long run.

The visceral manipulation technique was developed by French osteopath and physical therapist Dr. Jean-Pierre Barral after seeing impressive results in one of his patients. The therapy was originally used in Tibet and China in the early centuries as a part of their cultural and traditional medical care. However, it was improved by Dr. Barral who was fascinated with the effects and benefits of the therapeutic massage when used properly in the manipulation of the internal organs. He believed that the body organs should move freely without any restraint or restriction in their mobility to have a healthy physical condition.

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Barral began teaching the techniques of visceral manipulation to physical therapists, rolfers, massage therapists, medical doctors, chiropractors and other interested individuals regardless of their professions. The therapy is known basically as a technique mainly used for the manipulation of the various internal organs of the human body. Relaxation of the whole body and a good feeling after the massage therapy due to the effects released by the body are one of the many benefits a client can expect during and after the therapy session. Aside from the relaxing experience, you can also feel a great relief from the acute and chronic pain including peripheral joint pain, muscle pain, neck, back, and shoulder pain, and pain related to post operative and infective scar tissue and autonomic mechanisms. The therapy is also good in dealing with digestive problems such as GERD, swallowing dysfunction, acid reflux, nausea, bloating and constipation. Due to the release of a feel-good chemical called serotin during the therapy, the emotions are influenced to get rid of anxiety and depression. Visceral manipulation technique is also used in treating erectile dysfunction, infertility and other conditions related to men and women s health issues including endometriosis, painful menstrual periods, fibroids, cysts, chronic pelvic pain, testicular pain, bladder incontinence, prostate dysfunction and many more conditions. The method used in this therapy is also effective in the improvement of the posture of the client.

All of these benefits can be received if the therapist is successful in manually repositioning the organs while removing adhesions that can cause abnormality on the movement of certain internal organs. The wrong manipulation or push of the organs can cause more harm than good as it will only relocate the gliding motion of the other organs which should supposedly follow their original movement route.

Achieving these benefits may seem quite easy, however in order to gain them you should consider only the service of professional therapists who are both licensed and skilled in the medical art. This move can eliminate the worries for risks and contraindications to the treatment as good therapists will know what to look out for during the massage therapy session. Good therapists will also care for their patients by avoiding contradictions prior to any session.

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